Cataracts are a very common condition of the eye. It occurs when the clear lens of your eye becomes cloudy, causing vision problems. By the age of 65, 90% of people will have a cataract. By the age of 75, 85% of people will have lost some vision due to cataracts. Fortunately, the eye doctors at Modern Eyecare in Norwalk, CT, can easily diagnose and treat cataracts.
Who Is At Risk For Cataracts?
Anyone can develop cataracts; however, certain factors can increase your risk of developing the condition.
- Age is the most common risk factor. The older you get, the higher the risk.
- High blood pressure
- Previous eye surgery
- Previous eye injury or inflammation of the eye
- Excessive exposure to sunlight
- Prolonged use of corticosteroids
- Excessive drinking
What Are the Symptoms of Cataracts?
In the early stages, cataracts often show no symptoms. As the condition progresses, you can experience the following symptoms:
- Cloudy vision that feels like you are looking out of a dirty window
- Blurry vision
- Seeing halos around lights
- Sensitivity to light
- Trouble driving at night
- Need brighter lights when reading
- Fading or yellowing of colors
- Double vision in the affected eye
- Needing frequent prescription changes
How are Cataracts Diagnosed?
Your eye doctor can diagnose cataracts during your annual eye exam. A visual acuity test can determine how well you can see. It can also determine if your vision has worsened. A slit lamp exam is also performed. Your doctor will light up your eye and magnify it to get a good look at your cornea, iris, and lens. Finally, your eye doctor will use drops to dilate your eyes to examine your retina thoroughly.
How Are Cataracts Treated?
In the early stages, your optometrist will increase your eyeglass prescription to help you see better. In the more advanced stages, cataract surgery may be necessary.
The surgical procedure is performed on an outpatient basis. During the procedure, you will remain awake, but your doctor will give you something to help you relax. Your eye will be numbed so that you cannot feel anything.
During the procedure, the surgeon will remove your eye's natural, cloudy lens, and they will replace it with an artificial lens known as an intraocular lens. The artificial lens that your eye doctor chooses will depend on the refractive error that is present in your eyes.
A couple of weeks after the surgery, you will have healed, and your vision will have stabilized. When this happens, your eye doctor will give you a new prescription for eyeglasses.
Treating Cataracts Norwalk, CT
If you are experiencing any signs of cataracts, schedule an appointment with Modern Eyecare. Our Eye doctors will examine your eyes and create the best treatment plan for you. Call us at (203) 523-7204 for more information or to schedule an appointment.